What is Pneumococcus?
The other name for this bacteria is Streptococcus pneumonia. This bacteria is the most common cause of bacterial invasive infection in children younger than 2 years of age.
What infections does Pneumococcus cause?
Pneumococcus causes meningitis, pneumonia, bloodstream infections, and sinus infections in children. Pneumococcus is also the leading bacterial cause of ear infections or Otitis Media.
Are any children particularly susceptible to pneumococcal infection?
Children with weakened immune systems such as HIV infection, have no spleen, and sickle cells are particularly sensitive to pneumococcal infections. When these children get this infection their bodies cannot fight it off well and as a result, they can get very sick. However, it is important to realize that normal children, especially those under 2 years of age are also at risk for developing pneumococcal infections.
What is the treatment for Pneumococcal infection?
Antibiotics are needed to treat pneumococcal infections. Depending on the infection, they may need to be given in a hospital setting through an intravenous (for example meningitis and pneumonia). The problem with Streptococcus pneumonia bacteria is that it is becoming increasingly resistant to many of the currently available antibiotics. Consequently, antibiotics fail to treat this infection resulting in the bacteria becoming more difficult to control and treat. Medical experts fear that one-day Pneumococcus will develop resistance to all antibiotics making it a real super-bug: a bacterium very difficult to treat and control. Therefore, prevention of this infection is best.
How can pneumococcal infection be prevented?
Up until very recently, there was no effective vaccine against pneumococcal infection for young children. However, there now exists a Pneumococcus vaccine that has been proven effective in young children, older children as well as individuals with weakened immune systems. Tested in over 40,000 children, the pneumococcal vaccine has been proven both safe and effective.
When does the vaccine need to be given?
The pneumococcal vaccine is recommended to be given along with all the other routine vaccinations: at 2, 4, 6, 12, and 15 months. The number of doses required depends on the age at which the vaccinations begin: Newborn babies should ideally receive their first vaccine at 2 months, for a total of 3 doses, six to eight weeks apart. A booster is given at one year.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ON PNEUMOCOCCUS AND THE PNEUMOCOCCAL VACCINE, TALK TO YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
Pediatrician DR.PAUL Roumeliotis is certified by the American Board of Pediatrics and Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. The information provided above is designed to be an educational aid only. It is not intended to replace the advice and care of your child’s physician, nor is it intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment. If you suspect that your child has a medical condition always consult a physician.